There is one Christ the Lord and His Church,
a holy possession,
is throughout the world.
The anniversary of the dedication of the Roman Basilica of St. John Lateran, which was built by the Emperor Constantine in the year 324, has been observed on this day since the 12th century. Although this feast, which celebrates that church which Pope Clement XII called “the Mother and Head of all the churches in the City and the world,” was once limited to the city of Rome, the celebration was extended to the whole Latin Rite Church in 1565.
|The interior of the Basilica of St. John Lateran.|
The baldacchino (canopy) over the central papal altar
contains relics of Ss. Peter and Paul. The papal altar, itself,
incorporates the remains of a wooden table on which,
according to tradition, St. Peter celebrated the Eucharist
in the home of St. Pudens.
To take a virtual tour of the Basilica, click here.
Originally dedicated to the Most Holy Redeemer, the church’s title (i.e. its name) came to include the names of both Saint John the Baptist and Saint John the Evangelist. Because the Basilica of St. John Lateran is the cathedral of Rome and the principal church of the Holy Father, our celebration of this feast reminds us that each local church is ultimately tied to the mother-church of Rome.
The physical building of a church, whether it is a great basilica or a small mountain chapel, is a visible sign of the presence of the Church in the world. These structures are a testament to the faith of the local community and they provide a gathering place where the most important moments in the life of the Church take place—the celebration of the Eucharist and the other sacraments and the proclamation of God's Word. Church buildings also provide a place of refuge for prayer and reflection because, wherever we may be, these buildings are our home.
|Bishop Wenceslao Padilla of Mongolia confirms a boy|
in the tiny yurt-chapel of Good Shepherd Parish in
Ulan Bator, Mongolia. The Catholic Church in Mongolia
includes 850 Christians worshipping in 4 churches.
"Catholic" means "universal" and the Feast of the Dedication of the Basilica of St. John Lateran is a truly catholic celebration because it reminds us that our home in the Church, which is the Body of Christ, is a place of welcome and refuge for all the peoples of the world
Prayer for the Feast of the Dedication of the Lateran Basilica in Rome +
O God, who from living and chosen stones
prepare an eternal dwelling for your majesty,
increase in your Church the spirit of grace you have bestowed,
so that by new growth your faithful people
may build up the heavenly Jerusalem.
Through our Lord Jesus Christ, your Son,
who lives and reigns with you in the unity of the Holy Spirit,
one God, for ever and ever. Amen.
(from The Roman Missal)